Religion as a possibility of universal education -focusing on Comenius concepts of Pampaedia and Pansophia-

Yongsu Jung1,*   

1Silla University

Abstract

This paper starts from the premise that universal education, which is the value aimed at education in modern society, that is, universal education that transmits all types of knowledge for human life that is equal to all humans, is actually based on religious values.

Comenius is spreading his educational ideology for universal education through his books, Didactica magna and Pampaedia. Comenius, a member of the Unitas fratrum which inherited the spirit of martyrdom of Jan Hus, was a long-time exile and practiced in a school established by the Unitas fratrum. Through the concepts of Pampaedia and Pansophia, he presents his own universal education idea. To transform both concepts in my own language, Pampaedia is the form or method of education and Pansophia is the content of education.

Comenius presents the institutional ideology of the universal school (schola universalis) in the dimension of “to teach everything for everyone” (omnes omnia docendi).

The greatest influence of the Reformation was the fact that it provided the ideological support to educate all people. We can witness that the universal education at the modern level is being carried out world widely, as the educational thought of Comenius is realized in this world.

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